IndexBox has just published a new report: ‘World – Oranges – Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights‘. Here is a summary of the report’s key findings.

In 2021, global orange production is expected to grow by 8% due to favorable weather and the expansion of planting areas. Strong harvests are forecasted in Brazil, Mexico, the EU, Egypt and South Africa, while production in the U.S. and Turkey will decline. 

Egypt will maintain its position as the largest exporter by expanding supplies. Orange processing in China will decrease due to lockdowns as a result of Covid outbreaks, while Brazil and Mexico will increase local produce processing, strengthening their position in the global juice market.

Key trends and insights
Based on USDA data, IndexBox estimates that global orange production is expected to grow by 8% to 87M tonnes in 2021, due to favorable weather conditions and the expansion of crop areas. The main growth in production is projected to take place in Brazil and Mexico.

In Brazil, orange production will grow by 14% to 19M tonnes, while in Mexico it will recover from 2.5M to 4M tonnes after last year’s drought that destroyed a significant part of the crop area, rising by 58%. In the EU, an increase in production of 6% to 6.5M tonnes is expected due to the expansion of orchards in Italy. 

Favorable weather and the expansion of crop areas will increase yields by 3% in South Africa (up to 1.8M tonnes) and by more than a third in Morocco (up to 1.1M tonnes). The production in Egypt is also projected to rise by 6% to 3.5M tonnes. 

In the U.S., orange production is forecast to decline by 13% to 4.1M tonnes due to citrus disease, affecting Florida plantations in particular. In Turkey, harvests are also expected to fall by 20% to 1.4M tonnes due to drought and strong winds which have damaged the bloom. 

Egypt, the U.S., South Africa, Australia and the EU will remain the leading orange exporters. Egypt will lead the world’s top exporters, increasing its overseas shipments by 9% to 1M tonnes.

The demand for orange processing is growing, but the pandemic is holding back the industry from expanding. In June of this year, the slowdown of fruit processing in China due to Covid outbreaks and lockdowns in different provinces, accompanied by shipments delays to ports within China has led to an oversupply of oranges in the Australian market. 

Orange processing in China by the end of 2021 is expected to fall below the 2020 levels.

At the same time, fruit processing in Brazil and Mexico will increase due to expected high crop yields. This will help the countries strengthen their position in the global market for fruit juices and other orange-based products.

Global orange consumption 
In 2020, the global orange market increased by 7.4% to $56.5B. The market value increased at an average annual rate of +2.8% over the period from 2012 to 2020.

In value terms, Brazil ($13.1B), China ($7.6B) and the U.S. ($4.9B) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of market value in 2020, together comprising 45% of the global market. These countries were followed by India, Mexico, Italy, Egypt, Spain, Algeria, Indonesia, Turkey, Pakistan and Iran, which together accounted for a further 31%.

The countries with the highest volumes of orange consumption in 2020 were Brazil (17M tonnes), China (12M tonnes) and India (10M tonnes), together comprising 48% of global consumption.

In 2020, the highest levels of orange per capita consumption were registered in Brazil (79 kg per person), followed by Spain (39 kg per person) and Mexico (35 kg per person), while the world average per capita consumption of orange was estimated at 10 kg per person.

Global orange exports
In value terms, orange exports rose markedly to $5.4B (IndexBox estimates) in 2020. The total export value increased at an average annual rate of +2.1% from 2012 to 2020. In 2020, overseas shipments of oranges decreased by -6.4% to 6.8M tonnes. 

In value terms, Spain ($1.4B), South Africa ($800M) and Egypt ($648M) constituted the countries with the highest levels of exports in 2020, with a combined 54% share of global exports. These countries were followed by the U.S., the Netherlands, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Italy, Hong Kong SAR, Morocco and India, which together accounted for a further 34%.

The biggest shipments were from Spain (1.6M tonnes), South Africa (1.3M tonnes) and Egypt (0.9M tonnes), together accounting for 57% of total export. The U.S. (503K tonnes) occupied a 7.4% share (based on tonnes) of total exports, which put it in second place, followed by Greece (4.8%) and the Netherlands (4.7%). 

Australia (182K tonnes), Portugal (158K tonnes), India (141K tonnes), Morocco (127K tonnes), Hong Kong SAR (118K tonnes) and Italy (106K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.

The average orange export price stood at $798 per tonne in 2020, growing by 16% against the previous year. Over the last eight-year period, it increased at an average annual rate of +1.6%.