The global dry bean market revenue amounted to $30.1B in 2018, reducing by -2.4% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price). In general, dry bean consumption continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.
The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2016 with an increase of 7.7% year-to-year. In that year, the global dry bean market attained its peak level of $31B. From 2017 to 2018, the growth of the global dry bean market remained at a lower figure.
Consumption by Country
The countries with the highest volumes of dry bean consumption in 2018 were India (6.9M tonnes), Myanmar (3.9M tonnes) and Brazil (2.8M tonnes), together accounting for 36% of global consumption. These countries were followed by Nigeria, Niger, the U.S., Tanzania, Mexico, Kenya, Uganda, China and Burkina Faso, which together accounted for a further 34%.
From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of dry bean consumption, amongst the main consuming countries, was attained by China, while dry bean consumption for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In value terms, India ($6.9B) led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Myanmar ($2.7B). It was followed by Nigeria.
The countries with the highest levels of dry bean per capita consumption in 2018 were Niger (111 kg per person), Myanmar (72 kg per person) and Burkina Faso (35 kg per person).
Market Forecast to 2030
Driven by increasing demand for dry bean worldwide, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to decelerate, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of +2.1% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 48M tonnes by the end of 2030.
Production by Country
The countries with the highest volumes of dry bean production in 2018 were India (6.2M tonnes), Myanmar (4.9M tonnes) and Brazil (2.9M tonnes), with a combined 37% share of global production. Nigeria, Niger, the U.S., Tanzania, China, Mexico, Uganda, Kenya and Burkina Faso lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 36%.
From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of dry bean production, amongst the main producing countries, was attained by Niger, while dry bean production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
Harvested Area 2014-2018
In 2018, approx. 48M ha of beans (dry) were harvested worldwide; going down by -3.2% against the previous year. The harvested area increased at an average annual rate of +2.2% from 2014 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The growth pace was the most rapid in 2016 when harvested area increased by 8.8% year-to-year. Over the period under review, the harvested area dedicated to dry bean production reached its maximum at 49M ha in 2017, and then declined slightly in the following year.
In 2018, the global average dry bean yield amounted to 788 kg per ha, jumping by 3.9% against the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of +1.2% from 2014 to 2018. In 2018, the average dry bean yield reached its peak level and is likely to continue its growth in the immediate term.
Global exports amounted to 3.9M tonnes in 2018, therefore, remained relatively stable against the previous year.
In value terms, dry bean exports amounted to $3.3B (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.
Exports by Country
Myanmar was the key exporter of beans (dry) exported in the world, with the volume of exports amounting to 1M tonnes, which was approx. 27% of total exports in 2018. The U.S. (439K tonnes) held an 11% share (based on tonnes) of total exports, which put it in second place, followed by China (10%), Argentina (8.9%) and Canada (8.8%). Brazil (162K tonnes), Ethiopia (136K tonnes), Egypt (102K tonnes), Nicaragua (83K tonnes), Australia (75K tonnes) and Kyrgyzstan (75K tonnes) followed a long way behind the leaders.
From 2014 to 2018, average annual rates of growth with regard to dry bean exports from Myanmar stood at +11.1%. At the same time, Brazil (+25.7%), Australia (+24.2%), Kyrgyzstan (+19.2%), Argentina (+8.3%), Egypt (+4.8%), Nicaragua (+4.2%) and Canada (+3.9%) displayed positive paces of growth. Moreover, Brazil emerged as the fastest-growing exporter exported in the world, with a CAGR of +25.7% from 2014-2018. By contrast, the U.S. (-2.5%), China (-5.7%) and Ethiopia (-12.1%) illustrated a downward trend over the same period. Myanmar (+9.1 p.p.), Brazil (+2.5 p.p.) and Argentina (+2.4 p.p.) significantly strengthened its position in terms of the global exports, while Ethiopia and China saw its share reduced by -2.3% and -2.7% from 2014 to 2018, respectively. The shares of the other countries remained relatively stable throughout the analyzed period.
In value terms, the largest dry bean supplying countries worldwide were China ($573M), Myanmar ($570M) and the U.S. ($390M), with a combined 47% share of global exports. Canada, Argentina, Egypt, Brazil, Nicaragua, Ethiopia, Australia and Kyrgyzstan lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 34%.
In terms of the main exporting countries, Australia recorded the highest growth rate of the value of exports, over the period under review, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
Export Prices by Country
The average dry bean export price stood at $831 per tonne in 2018, shrinking by -6% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the dry bean export price continues to indicate a deep decrease. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2016 an increase of 0.3% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the average export prices for beans (dry) attained their maximum at $1,083 per tonne in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, export prices remained at a lower figure.
There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was China ($1,422 per tonne), while Myanmar ($548 per tonne) was amongst the lowest.
From 2014 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by the U.S., while the other global leaders experienced a decline in the export price figures.